We’ve just come through a cold snap, but winter is far from over. There may be more cold temperatures facing us this winter, and information on how to stay warm and be safe, when working or playing in cold weather is always timely. Here are some tips for staying safe in the cold.
Whether you are out in the back country enjoying some winter sports, or if you are an employee working in the cold, as with any potential first aid emergency, prevention is key. First aid emergencies such as frostbite, and hypothermia , are very serious, and every effort should be made to prevent them.
Dressing appropriately for the weather is the best way to protect yourself when you are out in the cold. Although it should be a “no-brainer”, it’s amazing how many times people just don’t dress warmly enough for the conditions. Wear plenty of layers of warm clothing, paying special attention to keep your head, ears, hands, feet, and core warm. Your extremities are prone to frostbite, and keeping your core warm will prevent hypothermia. Bring extra clothing with you, to change into, should you get wet. Getting wet is likely to happen when working, or playing in the snow, and when you’re wet, you’re more pone to get frostbite, or hypothermia. Be prepared!
Eating properly, and staying hydrated can also help you to prevent getting frostbite or hypothermia. Drink plenty of warm liquids, and if no warm drinks are available, drink plenty of water. Eat foods such as carbohydrates, that will slowly release energy in your body, helping you stay warm. Avoid alcohol, and caffeine, as these cause dehydration, and impair your body’s ability to control its temperature.
Employers and employees need to take special care when dealing with extreme cold temperatures, -20C and lower. Some work may require employees to work outdoors during these frigid temperatures, but a lot of heavy equipment, as well as tools and equipment, are prone to breakdowns and failure, when the temperatures drop so low. Employees can be at additional risk for injury, when equipment fails or breaks in cold weather, so precautions need to be taken.
All vehicles and equipment should be fueled regularly, maintaining a full tank as much as possible. Employees need to be given a place where they can go to warm up, and get out of the cold, particularly if there is a wind chill in addition to the freezing temperatures. All vehicles and equipment should contain an emergency kit, including first aid supplies, and outdoor survival supplies.
Whether you are working or playing outdoors cialis online canadian pharmacy in the winter, its best not to do it alone, if possible. If you are going to be alone, develop a buddy system, and a system of check-in’s so that someone knows your whereabouts and situation on a regular basis. If you work in a remote area where there is no cell phone service, a two way radio can help employees to monitor each other, for safety.
On any job site, several employees should have first aid training, and be able to respond in an emergency. If you see someone in distress in the cold, administer first aid for frostbite, or hypothermia immediately, and get them medical help right away.